ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CORN
Corn was first farmed by ethnic peoples of Mexico about ten thousand years, in the past. Corn is a nature’s gift to a mankind it is used for nourishing the cattle, human food, as biofuel, and as raw material in industrial sector. Native Americans showed European pioneers to grow the natural grains, and, after its initiation within Europe by Christopher Columbus, corn has expanded to all areas of the world. Corn is very rich in energy its 100 grams provide the calorific content of 342 calories
Evolution of Corn
Evolution of Corn-maize is so fascinating that it clouds the human mind that how much genetic science has improved. We can see drastic genetic upgrades in corn maze. This process begins when the ancient farmers decided to pick the process of ‘selective breeding’.
While farming they noticed that some plants grow faster and larger, on the other hand, some plants provide more seeds and ripped corn and some seeds taste better and are more handy to crush. However, through the time period, farmers preserved those grains which have desirable and appropriate characteristics and planted them for the next season.
Through this selective breeding, Maize cobs became larger over time with more rows of seeds and thus low eminence corn is now eradicated. And today we get the finest corn of this generation.
TYPES OF CORN
Generally, it is considered that all corn is the same, but on the contrary, there are four primary types of corn and they all possess different characteristics and uses. For example, sweet corn will never pop regardless of how many times you try and definitely you would not desire to eat boiled field-corn.
Dent corn is yellowish in color; it is enriched with soft starch content. It is named dent corn because it has small gouge at the top of each grain on a ripe ear of corn
Flint corn is also branded as Indian corn it same as common corn Because each seed has a hard external core to shield the endosperm. Unlike dent corn, it is low in starch content.
Pod corn is that kind in which each individual seed is hemmed in fine glumes which in its dried form resembles a thin paper and bring to mind a leaf sheath
Corns hull contains 14-15% moisture content, so popcorns are formed when the corn seed is heated, as the pressure increases the rupture explode and take a shape of popcorn puff which is 50 times in the size of the original.
- 14 billion-quarters of corn are consumed only in America, annually.
- Corn is a member of the grass family and its scientific name is Zea mays everta.
- Corn is a complete grain. It is composed of three elements: the germ, endosperm, and pericarp
- Popping corn grains is one of the most favorite ways to consume it. And seen by this need most companies now pre install a “popcorn” control button.
- A corn grain requires between 13.5-14% moisture to pop.
Factor affecting on Corn Quality
Moisture Factors is the main feature for measuring the corn quality. it influences expansion ratio, processing procedures, storage, and handling. To obtain the great amount of quality for corn, the moisture content should be in the range of 13 % to 14.5 % although 13.5 percent is deemed excellent. Good corn should accommodate at least 98 percent popped seeds. Because storage and handling can influence the moisture content of corn so be cautious about storing popcorn in the refrigerator.
Highest Maze Production in the World
Countries which are ranked as highest in maize production are as follows
Gross Profit of Corn Industry
|year||sale in pound|
Future of Corn
Future is very cheerful for corn maize industry. If you notice the graph mentioned below the prices have drastically decreases. If u notice till the august 2012 supply of corn decreases and its prices increased up to 8.065 dollars and then it decreases by the supply and demand rule.
The profit of an industry is determined by two things either by their profit margin or by their quantity to be sold. If they have fewer profit margins but sells large amount then it’s a profitable business for investors and for owner. Corn maize industry the typical example of this characteristic, it deals in huge quantity. Also scientists are working hard for improving corn quality and stability.
The corn Board
There is a non-profit organization financed by U.S. known as The Corn Board. This Council endeavors to promote the knowledge of U.S. corn as a versatile, whole-grain snack through national and international marketing efforts.
Uses of Corn
Corn is widely consumed not just only for eating purposes but also as:
|o ethanol,||o oil|
|o Animal feed||o sugar|
|o Whiskey||o Paper pulp making|
|o Starch||o Power generation|
Industrial Uses of Corn
- Multiple parts of the corn plant are utilized in industry. Cornstarch is synthesized to produce corn syrup. Corn syrup traditionally used as a replacement of sucrose and is available at more affordable prices than sucrose. Similarly, high-fructose corn syrup is used widely used by the processed foods industries for making soft drinks and candies etc.
- Stalks are used or employed as a raw material for paper and wallboard.
- Husks are utilized as filling material.
- Cobs are used straight as fuel and for combustion purposes, it is also used to make charcoal, and in the manufacturing of industrial solvents.
- Corn grain is also useful for making alcohol by the process of fermentation. firstly wet milling is applied on the grain, in this step grain is dipped in a dilute suspension of sulfurous acid. the second step is dry milling, in which the yield of first is flashed to a water spray or steam and the last step is fermentation, in this step starches are converted to sugars and yeast is introduced to transform the sugars into alcohol.
- in ancient times Corn husks have also been used in the folk arts for objects such as woven amulets and corn-husk do
Health Benefits of Corn
Corn is effective for many health benefits. Besides, signifying a tasteful addition to any feast, it is also rich in phytochemicals, and it provides protection against numerous chronic diseases. Few of the health benefits of corn are listed below.
- Corn Diminishes threat of hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer
- Corn is a Rich source of vitamin A, vitamin B constituents, particularly Thiamin and Niacin. This helps in sustaining nerve health and prevents diarrhea, dementia and dermatitis.
- Corn has plentiful minerals like phosphorous, magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron and copper these regulates normal growth, bone health, normal heart rate and kidney functioning.
- In the researched publications of Cornell University they cited that corn is an ironic source of antioxidants which provide immunity against cancer-causing free radicals.
- Studies show that corn Prevents Anemia.
- regulates diabetes and hypertension
- Decrease LDL Cholesterol level.
Pest Likely To Attack Corn Crop
Corn is not only edibel by humans it also adored and enjoyed by pests. Some of the corn desieases and pests are listed below:
- African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta)
- Common armyworm (Pseudaletia unipuncta)
- Common earwig (Forficula auricularia)
- Corn delphacid (Peregrinus maidis)
- Corn leaf aphid (Rhopalosiphum maidis)
- Corn rootworms
- Corn silkfly (Euxesta stigmatias)
- Asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis)
- European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) (ECB)
- Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda)
- Corn earworm/Cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa zea)
Pest Infection In Corn Crop
Diseases caused\spread by the pests in corn feilds.
- Corn smut or common smut (Ustilago maydis)
- Northern corn leaf blight (Purdue Extension site) (Pioneer site)
- Southern corn leaf blight
- Maize downy mildew (Peronosclerospora spp.)
- Maize dwarf mosaic virus
- Maize streak virus
- Stewart’s wilt (Pantoea stewartii)
- Goss’s wilt (Clavibacter michiganensis)
- Grey leaf spot
A Gift to Mankind
It is an acknowledged fact that corn is the earliest and rich crop and is widely used in by humans as well as by industrial sector and today it’s the highest grossing crop in the whole America and the European continent. It has a brilliant future, many scientists have been working to improve its culture and transform it readily into a bio-fuel. As the years pass by its production and consumption has drastically increased. Its benefits and the wide range of its usage cease to amaze me. Corns are really a nature’s glorious gift to a mankind.